M.Phil is a two-year postgraduate academic research degree that deals with aspects of human life and beliefs with inputs from technology and research. An aspirant can pursue an MPhil degree in various specializations such as biotechnology, commerce, botany, English, mathematics, history, Tamil, sociology, computer science, economics, etc. After completing the M.Phil course, students will have various job opportunities such as Teacher, Speaker, Social Service Worker, Editor, Research Assistant, Consultant, Assistant Professor, Scientist, etc. According to Payscale, the average M.Phil salary in India is INR 4.92 LPA.

M.Phil Course Details

Degree Masters
Full Form Master of Philosophy
Duration Course Duration of Master of Philosophy [M.Phil] is 2 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 55%
Subjects Required Completed M.Com / MIB / MHROD / MFC / MBA / M.Sc / MA or equivalent
Average Fees Incurred INR 2,000 to 1 LPA
Average Salary Offered INR 4.92 LPA [Source: PayScale]
Employment Roles Assistant Professor, Postsecondary / Higher Education, Research Scientist, Quality Control Analyst, Project Manager - Software Development, Psychologist, High School Teacher etc.
Placement Opportunities Sigma Aldrich Corp, Scientific Publishing Services, High Schools, Colleges and various other Institutions.

About M.Phil

Merriam Webster defines Philosophy as ‘a discipline comprising its core logic, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology.’

M.Phil course duration is 2 years and is an ideal course for candidates who want to pursue careers as Lecturer, Teacher, Research Assistant, Assistant Professor, Scientist, Editor, etc. M.Phil full form is Master of Philosophy. Therefore, the structure of the curriculum is orchestrated in a manner so as to comprehensively provide students with the best theoretical, practical outlook inculcated with research findings. M.Phil over the course of 4 semesters focuses on various core and elective subjects. Some of the core subjects are Philosophical Foundations of the Subject, Study of Relevant Discipline to the subject of study, Analysis and Domain Study, Review of Origin and Development of the Subject, etc. 

Table of Contents

Eligibility Criteria For M.Phil

M.Phil eligibility for admission requires students to complete their master's degree with minimum marks of 55% from any recognized institution. There is no age limit for the candidates when applying for the M.Phil course. Along with basic M.Phil eligibility criteria, some institutions conduct an M.Phil entrance exam for the selection process. Students need to provide a sound performance in the M.Phil entrance exam in order to be eligible for admission. 

How to Get Admission For M.Phil?

In order to be eligible for MPhil admission, students must ensure they satisfy the basic eligibility criteria. The selection process for MPhil courses can be based on two ways. While some colleges offer MPhil admission on the basis of merit, others conduct an entrance exam for the same. In certain government colleges, there may be a quota for the selection of candidates for admissions into the M.Phil course. Application for the M.Phil admission process may be availed from the college portal or by directly visiting the college admissions office. The details of the Mphil admission 2021 process are listed below: 

How To Apply For M.Phil?

MPhil course details can be availed by the candidate by visiting the college website through which the aspirant can begin their application process. Along with applying through the online mode, the aspirants of 2 years M.Phil course duration can also apply offline by visiting the admissions office of the respective institution. Students applying for the M.Phil course, either offline or online mode are required to provide all the valid documents in order to verify themselves for the admissions process. After the submission of the application, students will receive further correspondence from the college. 

Selection Criteria

The selection criteria for MPhil admissions 2021 in some colleges are conducting a personal interview round for candidates having the basic eligibility criteria. Various other colleges conduct the M.Phil entrance exam in addition to the basic eligibility criteria to ensure they selected the best suitable candidate with the comprehensive knowledge and skill set. For the entrance-based selection process, admissions are strictly offered to candidates who pass a particular M.Phil entrance exam such as MPhil Entrance Test, JNUEE, CUCET, BHU RET, UGC NET, GATE, etc. The admit card and other relevant details are published on the college website beforehand. Students can view their admission results on the college portal or receive them via email.

M.Phil Courses

The MPhil duration in India is 2 years and divided into 4 semesters. There are various options available in the M.Phil course that students can pursue in accordance with their professional needs. M.Phil is either structured on a research-based or coursework-based structure with emphasis given on research findings and establishing a pedagogy in both theoretical and practical frameworks. Students are moulded with a research-oriented skill set that prepares them for various research-based and academic roles and also industrial demands. An M.Phil course is available at almost every private and public institution in India making it very easily accessible to students. Listed below are some of the top M.Phil courses offered to students in India:

For admissions into M.Phil in India, the basic M.Phil eligibility for most colleges is merit-based selection followed by a personal interview. However, most colleges conduct an entrance-based selection process to find the best suitable candidate for the M.Phil course. Students must prepare for the M.Phil entrance exam along all the lines of requirements. Aspirants should study closely the question paper pattern from previous years and prepare adequately. M.Phil entrance exam for various colleges in India is listed below:

A Quick Glance at the M.Phil Entrance Exams

MPhil full form is Master of Philosophy, which at the sound of it can be sometimes confusing for students to understand what the course offers. Questions such as ‘What is MPhil’ are common statements coming from aspirants that help them in understanding the course. Students should start preparing adequately by analyzing the M.Phil details such as previous years’ papers and their pattern. This ensures timely preparation for the entrance exams. Listed below is the standard pattern for the M.Phil entrance exam:

  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours
  • The exam will be conducted in the offline mode
  • The maximum mark of the question paper is 75
  • There will be 3 sections of 25 marks each
  • The final admission will only be considered after the personal interview
  • The personal interview carries 25 marks 

Top M.Phil Colleges in India

An M.Phil college is one of the most in-demand institutions in the country offering students a wide range of M.Phil course specializations and job opportunities. Listed below are the top M.Phil colleges in India: 

M.Phil Colleges

Sl no.

Name of the Institute


Banaras Hindu University


Delhi University


Maharshi Dayanand University




Jawaharlal Nehru University


Stella Maris College


St. Xavier’s College


University of Mumbai




University of Calcutta

Fee Structure for M.Phil

The average MPhil course fees in India range from INR 2,000 to 1 LPA. The varying range of MPhil fees in colleges may depend on the institutional facilities, faculty, prestige, infrastructure as well as government quotas. Listed below is the MPhil admission fees structure for various colleges in India:

M.Phil Course Fees

Sl. No.

Name of the Institute

Total Fee Structure


Calcutta University, Kolkata

INR 3,400 PA


Lucknow University, Lucknow

INR 36,000 - 46,000 PA


CUSAT, Kochi

INR 5,900 - 6,500 PA


Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal

INR 54,200 PA


TISS, Mumbai

INR 1.75 - 2 LPA


Christ University, Bangalore

INR 30,000 PA

Syllabus and Subjects for M.Phil

The M.Phil course is orchestrated in a manner so that students get an answer to the question of ‘What is M.Phil course?’ MPhil's full form is Master of Philosophy and as the same suggests, is concerned with an epistemological approach to the research-oriented syllabus. M.Phil's duration is 2 years divided into 4 semesters. Some of the popular subjects for M.Phil are listed below:

  • Human Resource Management
  • Research Methodology
  • Understanding of Managerial Roles
  • Organizational Behaviour
  • Study of Origin and Development of the Subject
  • Computer Applications in the Domain of the Subject

Read More About M.Phil syllabus and subjects

Why Choose M.Phil?

M.Phil is a philosophical approach to the comprehensive intricacies of human life and the study of existential beliefs. Research in the M.Phil course is carried out with help from past research inputs and technological help. M.Phil's full form is Master of Philosophy. The Master of Philosophy course is, therefore, concerned with providing its students with an epistemological approach towards their area of research. Further career options in the field of research and academia are also available to M.Phil graduates in the form of a PhD. In order to understand ‘Why to Choose MPhil’, we can make it simpler by breaking it down to the next three questions:

What is M.Phil All About?

M.Phil full form Master of Philosophy is a 2-year duration masters program that focuses on imparting a variety of key research and aptitude skills to students on the study of intricacies of human life and existing beliefs. M.Phil is purely a research-based degree and is based entirely on an independent thesis. The students are imparted with a variety of comprehensive research and management skills that prepares them for further studies such as a PhD and also to meet the demands of the job industry. The Master of Philosophy course aims to sculpt the graduates into individuals able to face real-world management problems or provide further research progress in the world of academia.

What Does an M.Phil Graduate Do?

M.Phil can be one of the most fulfilling careers for a student with a variety of avenues available after graduation. There is a varying range of job roles that are available after the completion of the 2-year M.Phil course duration. 

Research Assistant: The job of a research assistant includes carrying out experiments and research. They follow certain methodologies and protocols in order to give academic legitimacy to their research. Collection and logging of data, conducting statistical analysis, and providing open-ended conclusions are some of the features of a research assistant. 

Reasons Why M.Phil Can Fetch You A Rewarding Career?

M.Phil has become one of the most lucrative career paths today because of the legitimacy it provides to the research ability of an individual. Industries and institutions lookout for individuals that have originality and can toil hard on individual prospects, and the M.Phil criteria ticks many of these boxes. 

Research Oriented: Graduates of M.Phil go through a tedious process of conducting research and providing solutions to pain points over their 2-year duration. It enables a sense of legitimacy among recruiters who would want to hire an individual who had completed an MPhil. Research and management skills come in handy for career opportunities as their trust is built on their capability to finish a project within the speculated time. 

Read More About M.Phil Jobs

Preparation Tips For M.Phil

Aspirants of the M.Phil course should prepare for the M.Phil entrance exam along all the lines of requirements. This requires going through a detailed process of analyzing the question papers from the previous years and trying to understand ‘What is M.Phil’ and its requirements. Listed below are some of the preparation tips for the M.Phil entrance exam:

Time Management: M.Phil requires a deep understanding of concepts by the individual. A well-timed preparation can only ensure that the students provide a sound performance.

Regular Practice: Students should complete all the syllabus portions required for M.Phil eligibility. This can be achieved only with regular practice during the full course of the preparation process.

Scope For Higher Education

Various career alternatives are available to graduates of M.Phil who do not wish to enter the job industry immediately after graduation. Higher education and research imply a higher pay scale when entering the industry later. This is because of a higher set of knowledge and skills that the candidate acquires. Listed below are some of the scope for higher education after the M.Phil course:

Salary of an M.Phil Graduate

According to Payscale, the average salary offered to an M.Phil graduate in India is INR 4.9 LPA. Different positions provide different salaries depending on various factors such as the individual’s skill set, knowledge, aptitude, level of the job, demands of the job, etc. The higher education after M.Phil ensures a higher pay scale when entering the job industry. As the candidate becomes more experienced in their field, they receive some of the most lucrative salaries in India. 

Read More About M.Phil salary

Career Options After M.Phil

Careers after M.Phil's duration in India are available to graduates in both the public and private sectors. The specification of the job and the industry depends on the specialization of the student while pursuing M.Phil. Apart from job opportunities; various academic prospects such as Diploma courses, MBA, or a PhD are available to graduates upon completion of the M.Phil course. Listed below are some of the career roles after M.Phil:

  • Academic Lecturer
  • Assistant Researcher
  • Consultant
  • Editor
  • Quality Control Expert
  • Human Services Worker

Skills That Make You The Best M.Phil Graduate

M.Phil duration is a very tedious process that demands a lot of research and writing skills from the graduates. Apart from the detailed study into the M.Phil syllabus, the students should also possess a certain set of hard and soft skills that would enhance their potential to be a positive M.Phil prospect. Some of the skills that make one an asset in M.Phil are:

  • Communication skills
  • Reading skills
  • Writing skills
  • Research skills
  • Leadership skills
  • Project management skills

Frequently Asked Questions


Is an MPhil better than a M.Sc?

The M.Phil is research work done at the same quality and academic rigour of a Ph.D, albeit shorter in length. Hence the MPhil is seen as a higher degree than an M.Sc by Research


Is it necessary to do MPhil before Ph.D?

No, an M.Phil is not necessary for applying for a Ph.D. However, it is better for an aspirant to finish his or her M.Phil before pursuing a PhD as it teaches the aspirant about the basics of research.


Is M.Phil a good degree?

Yes, M.Phil is a very prospective and exciting degree as it adds a lot of value to your research fundamentals and helps in your future prospects.

See Various Master of Philosophy [M.Phil] Colleges in India

Fee Structure of Master of Philosophy [M.Phil] in India

(In Lakhs)

Fee Structure by State for Master of Philosophy [M.Phil]

All Over India

Interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 650 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.85 Lakh
₹ 7,500 (Average Fee)
Private Colleges
₹ 667 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 6.61 Lakh
₹ 53,000 (Average Fee)

Andhra Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 2,250 ₹ 50,500
₹ 9,000
Private Colleges
₹ 1,150 ₹ 1.70 Lakh
₹ 53,500


interested cta gif
Private Colleges
₹ 7,075 ₹ 67,000
₹ 8,000


interested cta gif
Private Colleges
₹ 10,000 ₹ 1.92 Lakh
₹ 28,810


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 61,400 ₹ 1.40 Lakh
₹ 1.40 Lakh


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 6,545 ₹ 55,325
₹ 34,300
Private Colleges
₹ 69,715 ₹ 4.50 Lakh
₹ 1.20 Lakh


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 2,310 ₹ 1.20 Lakh
₹ 7,000
Private Colleges
₹ 46,500 ₹ 1.03 Lakh
₹ 50,000

Madhya Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 2,000 ₹ 1.50 Lakh
₹ 21,465
Private Colleges
₹ 27,275 ₹ 1.50 Lakh
₹ 60,000


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 4,852 ₹ 1.65 Lakh
₹ 12,000
Private Colleges
₹ 5,260 ₹ 90,000
₹ 20,000


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,442 ₹ 37,440
₹ 4,480


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 13,560 ₹ 27,560
₹ 20,340
Private Colleges
₹ 53,660 ₹ 79,000
₹ 79,000


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,114 ₹ 50,000
₹ 13,290
Private Colleges
₹ 3,812 ₹ 2.40 Lakh
₹ 1.01 Lakh

Tamil Nadu

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,165 ₹ 96,000
₹ 7,850
Private Colleges
₹ 667 ₹ 3.80 Lakh
₹ 21,000


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 3,400 ₹ 50,800
₹ 7,290
Private Colleges
₹ 48,500 ₹ 6.61 Lakh
₹ 79,000

Uttar Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,700 ₹ 48,000
₹ 4,870
Private Colleges
₹ 36,000 ₹ 1.86 Lakh
₹ 50,000

West Bengal

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,000 ₹ 50,000
₹ 3,400

Master of Philosophy [M.Phil] Reviews

M.Phil. (Zoology), batch of 2021

Bsc aggregate is considered for the admission with 50% marks

There is no entrance exam.

Message   See Full Review
Master of Philosophy [M.Phil], batch of 2019

Eligibility criteria for MPhil is 60% aggregate marks in MSc along with 10th to graduation 1st class career and admission procedure is entrance exams with written and viva voce. It depends on your performance and selected by the respected lecturer of that institute. I have applied for UGC NET for environmental science and also admission entrance test for MPhil. Generally cut off for UGC net environmental science especially for general category is 60%.

Message   See Full Review
Master of Philosophy [M.Phil], batch of 2015

The eligibility criteria for my course is 60% in MA. The admission procedure of my course I have passed an entrance test then viva and then I got selected for admission.

Message   See Full Review

Add Your Question

Improve Your Question

Answer Now

Post By